• Members 9 posts

I have a quantum circuit with a series of quantum gates. Is there an easy way to implement the same series of quantum gates to another quantum circuit?

For example

qc1 = QuantumCircuit(1)
qc1.h(0)
qc1.x(0)
qc1.y(0)

qc2 = QuantumCircuit(2)


How to easily copy the gate operations in qc1 to the 1st qubit of qc2?

• Members 17 posts

You can use the to_instruction() method to assemble the series of quantum gates into one gate, then append it to other quantum circuits.

from qiskit import QuantumCircuit

qc1 = QuantumCircuit(1)
qc1.h(0)
qc1.x(0)
qc1.y(0)
custom_gate = qc1.to_instruction()

qc2 = QuantumCircuit(2)
qc2.append(custom_gate, )

• Members 19 posts
• If 2 quantum circuits have the same number of qubits, there is an easy way to do it, simply by adding these two quantum circuits. For example:
from qiskit import QuantumCircuit

qc1 = QuantumCircuit(2)
qc2 = QuantumCircuit(2)

qc1.h(0)
qc1.cx(1,0)

qc2.x(0)

qc3 = qc1 + qc2


qc3 is a circuit which applies the gates in qc1 then the gates in qc2.

• If the two circuits have different number of qubits, you can use QuantumRegister to name your qubits, then qiskit will add the circuits by matching the same qubit names. For example:
from qiskit import QuantumCircuit
from qiskit import QuantumRegister
qr1_a = QuantumRegister(1, 'a')
qr1_b = QuantumRegister(2, 'b')
qc1 = QuantumCircuit(qr1_a, qr1_b)

qc2_b = QuantumRegister(2,'b')
qc2 = QuantumCircuit(qc2_b)

qc1.cx(1,0)

qc2.x(1)
qc2.z(0)

qc3 = qc1 + qc2


where qc3 is the circuit with qc2being added behind qc1's gates on the 'b' qubits.